This is a collection of perversions of the famous "Trolley problem."
The trolley problem: should you pull the lever to divert the runaway trolley onto the side track?
The trolley problem is a series of thought experiments in ethics and psychology, involving stylized ethical dilemmas of whether to sacrifice one person to save a larger number. Opinions on the ethics of each scenario turn out to be sensitive to details of the story that may seem immaterial to the abstract dilemma.
The most basic version of the dilemma, known as "Bystander at the Switch" or "Switch", goes thus:
There is a runaway trolley barreling down the railway tracks. Ahead, on the tracks, there are five people tied up and unable to move. The trolley is headed straight for them. You are standing some distance off in the train yard, next to a lever. If you pull this lever, the trolley will switch to a different set of tracks. However, you notice that there is one person on the side track. You have two options:
Which is the more ethical option? Or, more simply: What is the right thing to do?